Diet After Stroke
Things to Limit:
- Cholesterol is found in animal products and is not present in fruits, vegetables, or starches made without butter.
- Limit serving sizes of meats, cheese, milk, and eggs.
- Try egg whites or egg substitutes such as Egg Beaters which are cholesterol-free.
- Try to have less than 200 milligrams (mg) of cholesterol in your diet each day.
- First, shake your salt habit and remove the salt shaker from the table.
- Try a salt substitute like Ms. Dash. Check food labels for other “low-salt” products as they still may contain sodium.
- Try to limit your sodium intake to no more than 2,000 milligrams (mg) of sodium each day.
- Limit adding salt in your cooking. Replace with other seasonings and spices like pepper, garlic, lemon, oregano, and onion.
- Avoid canned soups, and pre-processed meats and cheeses.
- This is the kind of fat found in animal products and is the kind that raises your cholesterol.
- Trim any visible fat off of steaks. Remove skin from poultry.
- Choose lean ground beef (“90% lean” on label) or ground turkey.
- Avoid high-fat meats such as bacon, sausage, and hot dogs, or try the fat-free variety.
- Choose tub margarine rather than butter.
- Try to eat less than 20 grams (g) of saturated fat per day.
- Reducing your weight by even 10 – 20 pounds can lower your cholesterol level and significantly improve your health.
- Choose low-fat and fat-free foods and watch your overall calorie intake each day.
- In order to lose a healthy 1-2 pounds per week, you will need to cut out between 500-1000 calories each day.
What Can I Eat?
- Choose baked, broiled or grilled foods as much as possible rather than fried.
- Limit the amount of oil and butter used in cooking – try non-stick cookware.
- When necessary, choose a monounsaturated oil like olive or canola oil that has the least amount of saturated fat.
- In baking, substitute applesauce whenever possible for half or all of the oil in a recipe.
- Use well-chilled, fat-free, evaporated milk instead of cream to make whipped topping.
- Eat more fiber! Most Americans only eat 5-10 grams of fiber a day. A high fiber diet of 20-35 grams of fiber each day can actually help to lower your cholesterol. Choose whole-wheat breads and pastas, brown rice, and bran cereals.
- Drink more water! Staying well hydrated will help you to feel better, and can also make you feel less hungry. Water is a natural way to flush your system and work along with the added fiber in your diet.
- Eat more fruits and vegetables! These foods are naturally fat-free and cholesterol-free and are good to fill up on. They also add roughage that increases the amount of fiber in your diet.